Fundamental terms and definitions

Foreign citizen – is physical person who is not citizen of the Russian Federation and who has evidences of citizenship of another state.                                       

Stateless person – is physical person who is not citizen of the Russian Federation and has no evidences of existence of citizenship of another state.

Invitation to entry to the Russian Federation – is a document including electronic document that is the basis for the issuance of visa for foreign citizen for entry to the Russian Federation or for entry to the Russian Federation in case of no need in visa. These cases are described in Federal Law or International Agreement of the Russian Federation. 

Visa – is permission for entry, staying and transit through Russian territory for foreign citizen during the period in visa.

Migration card – is a document with information about foreign citizen or stateless person who arrives or entry to Russia, including period of staying, also used to control of staying of foreign citizen or stateless person in the Russian Federation.

Permission for temporary staying – is confirmation of right of foreign citizen or stateless person for temporary staying in the Russian Federation before receiving of residence permission done as mark in the identity document for foreign citizens or as a document of set form issuing in the Russian Federation to stateless person or person that has not identity document. It cannot be issued as electronic document.

The residence document – is a document issuing to foreign citizen or stateless person on confirmation of their rights on permanent residence in the Russian Federation and their rights on entry to the Russian Federation and departure from the Russian Federation. The residence document issued to stateless person will be identity document at the same time. The residence document cannot be issued as electronic document.

Foreign citizen stayed in the Russian Federation legally – is a person that has the residence document or permission for temporary staying, or visa or migration card, or other documents that statutory by Federal Law or International Agreement confirmed the right of foreign citizen on staying (living) in the Russian Federation.

Foreign citizen temporarily staying in the Russian Federation – is person arrived in Russia under the visa or in order that do not need visa, and received migration card, but who has not the residence document or permission for temporary staying.

Temporary living in the Russian Federation foreign citizen – is person received permission for temporary staying.

Permanent living in the Russian Federation foreign citizen – is person received the residence document.

Labor activity of foreign citizen – is a working of foreign citizen in the Russian Federation under labor or civil-right contract on execution of works (services).

Foreign worker – is a foreign citizen temporarily staying in the Russian Federation and doing labor activity in set order.

Permission on working – is a document confirmed the right of the foreign worker on temporary labor activity in the Russian Federation or the right of the foreign citizen registered as individual entrepreneur on business activity.

 Deportation – is expulsion of the foreign citizen from the Russian Federation in cases of loss or termination of the legally staying (living) in the Russian Federation.

Foreign citizen arrived to the Russian Federation in the order of visa is not required – is the foreign citizen arrived to the Russian Federation in the order of visa is not required (excepting of foreign citizen arrived to the Russian Federation without visa in the order of special categories of foreign citizens (including owners of the diplomatic or utility (official) passports, passengers of cruise ships, crew of a seagoing ships and riverboats or other transports, persons transiting though the Russian territory, and residents of border areas), and foreign citizen arrived to Russia without visa in the order of the special purposes, including trading, economic activity in the border areas, tourism and building). 

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