Golovei E. A., Dorofeeva N. N.

INFLUENCE OF RELIGION ON ТНЕ ROLES AND FUNCTIONS STONES IN ТНЕ CHINESE GARDEN

Throughout the history of China's political and economical crisis events provoked changes in the social environment, especially religion. The dependents of climate create а special attitude to the nature which keeps in national mentality and have supported Ьу religious teachings. The garden is а space focused in itself an ancient cosmic symbols. Stone is traditionally one of the main organizing elements in the Chinese gardens. Religion had а significant impact on the typological diversity and ways of or­ganizing spaces Chinese gardens with the help of stone. Article analyzed the influence of Animism, Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism and Religious syncretism in the formation of the role functions, the canons of composition from а stone, its location in the garden space and а symbolic meaning.

Keywords: Animism, Buddhism, China, landscape art, Religious syncretism, stone, stone composition, Taoism, анимизм, буддизм, дао­сизм, каменные композиции, камень, Китай, ландшафтное искусство, религиозный синкретизм