Dokuchaeva D. A., Kozyrenko N. E.

HISTORY INFLUENCE ON ТНЕ FORМ AND CONTENT OF КINDERGARTENS IN RUSSIA

The Study is devoted to the study of the history of kindergartens in Russia from tsarist times to the present day. The article discusses the function and f onn of organization of preschool institutions in various stages. The study provides the analysis of the spatial environment of kindergartens. The article contains historical and contem­porary examples of interior of kindergartens. The content of the article allows you to understand what were the preschools at diff erent times, as modemized their intemal and extemal device. At the end of the study, conclusions were drawn. In tsarist Russia, the kindergarten was а novelty. Kindergarten was а place of stay of children. In the Soviet period, preschools have become social educational and ideological institutions. In modem time, the kindergarten has а social and educational function or maybe just а place of stay. Modern kindergarten has adopted the experience of the two previous periods.

Keywords: function of kindergarten, history of kindergartens, interior, legal fonn, pre­school education, subject-spatial environment, дошкольное образование, интерьер, история детских садов, правовая форма, предметно-пространственная среда, функция детского сада