Ermolenko E. V.

ТНЕ DEVELOPMENT OF ТНЕ CONCEPT OF "FL YING CITY"

The article discusses the origins of the Ьirth and development of the concept of "floating city". For example the works of modem architects the possiЬilities, innovative ideas, open spaces for further creative search. So, the first works in which is reflected the idea of а "flying city", became the futuristic projects of the graduates of the great N. Ladovskiy - G. Кrutikov, V. Kalmykov, I. Iosifovich. Not found, obviously, support or interest among the compatriots innovative projects marked the beginning of further interest in this topic among Westem architects. Projects "Cloud nine" Buckmin­ster fuller, "Passing Cloud" Thiago Barros, "Hydrogenase" Vincent Calibo, "Heaven and Earth" Wei Jiao and many other works demonstrate а steady and continuing interest in the concept of movaЫe architecture. For nearly а century the history and development of the concept of а "flying city" changed the ideology almost the opposite. Appearing as а Manifesto of the architecture of future, rapid, fast, all closer to distant stars, today, "fly­ing cities" are an attempt to save а man in а world where progress and civilization destroy all life so rapidly that the only way out is to start the development of the airspace. How utopian would Ье modem designs of flying cities сап Ье understood already from the very near future. It is obvious that in the future, where artificial intelligence coexists with man in the new virtual reality, architecture also varies significantly, opening new opportuni­ties. In the late XIX century, the famous writer and critic Ludwig Hevesi (Lyudvig He­vesi) declared: "the Era its art, to art its freedom". Obviously, this postulate sounds mod­em in new architectural concepts.

Keywords: city of the future, flying city, futuristic architecture, sustainaЫe architecture, города будущего, «летающие города», футуристическая архитектура, эко­логическая архитектура