Dorofeeva N. N., Karpova T. A.

ТНЕ EVOLUTION OF ADAPTIVE ARCHITECTURE IN AN EXTREME CLIMATE

The article considers the extreme climate' s impact on the adaptive morphogenesis in architecture, studies the historical background of the formation of the adaptive architecture. In the course of а generalized analysis of the traditional dwellings in the extreme climates, the main climatic factors were defined, which affect the charac­teristics and methods of architectural adaptation. The benefits of the adaptation of archi­tectural objects in the modern time were defined in this article as well.

Keywords: adaptive architecture, climatic factors, modern buildings, traditional dwelling, адаптивная архитектура, климатические факторы, современные здания, тради­ционное жилище