Zadverniuk L. 7., Moreva N. E.

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF ТНЕ INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF ТНЕ NORTHERN REGIONS OF RUSSIA IN XXI- XVII CENTURY

This article is devoted to the study of the process of urban develop­ment of the northern territories of Russia. The stages of development of the Russian North since the thirteenth century until now. Each stage is characterized not only the build-up, albeit slowly, given the potential of urban areas-term ( development of permanent settle­ments system, their typology), but also more systematic approach. The exception is the late stage start of XX-XXI centuries. When during the crisis stopped this development and а return to efficiency-Term development is now impossiЫe without modern approach to urban planning proЫems of the northern territories of Russia. The article revealed the foundations of formation of urban typology, their city-forming and urban forming func­tion. Understanding the continuity of the process of urban development process in the North of the Russian Federation will help to formulate the concept of efficiency of the system of settlements in the region in the future.

Keywords: Industrial development, sustainaЫe development, system of settlement, the extreme conditions of the en­vironment, а new city, город, поселок, Промышленное освоение, рабочий поселок, Северные регионы