Prokof'eva I. A.

PUBLIC COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS AND RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION - BASED ON MORFOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF ТНЕ CITY IN MODERN FOREIGN STUDIES

The article deals with the topic of morphological studies in foreign theory of architecture and urbanism of the second half of the twentieth century, the goals and objectives of morphological analysis of objects of different types, the socio-cultural foundations of the morphological modeling and analysis of the city. The emphasis in modem foreign morphological studies placed on residential areas and units, as well as puЫic buildings, often trading. Morphological analysis of architectural and urban objects - objects of study on morphological parameters (the genesis of the characteristic features of the shape of the object, structure, patterns and shaping processes (planning structure, area, shape, structure and content of individual elements of the object), the evolution of the form).

Keywords: elements, housing, morphological studies, morphology, object, project, puЫic -commercial building, structure, tradition, жилье, морфологические исследования, морфология, об­щественнОторговые здания, объект, проект, структура, традиция, элементы