ТНЕ MAJOR STYLES IN ARCHITECTURE OF APARTMENT HOUSES OF VLADIVOSTOK IN ТНЕ LATE XIX- EARL У ХХ CENTURY
The article describes the historical background of the emergence of tenement profitaЫe houses. After Vladivostok received the status of the port and town, dramatically increasing its population in need of affordaЫe housing. This proЫem is solved the construction of the so-called "apartment profitaЫe houses", which in the early twentieth century have become the most common type of buildings erected Ьу developers for rental with the aim of making а profit.
The study focuses on the most interesting architectural monuments - houses, which were built in Vladivostok in the late XIX - early ХХ centuries, made in different styles and directions. The study examines the impact of apartment profitaЫe houses on architectural and artistic image of the city, changing the architectural structures of buildings and the functional purpose of tenement houses depending on their location; considers the peculiarities inherent in tenement houses.
The article describes the examples of tenement houses, the most famous in the late XIX- early ХХ centuries in Vladivostok architects: I. V. Meshkova, А. К. Goldenstedt, G. L. Feerman.
Vladivostok from the foundation was а cosmopolitan city. In the late XIX-early ХХ century in architecture of apartment houses of Vladivostok was attended Ьу а variety of stylistic directions: "classicism", "modern", "eclectic". There worked the best Russian and invitees from other States architects. Therefore, one of the features of the architecture of the Far East and, in particular, the architecture of apartment houses of Vladivostok can Ье called the complicated fabric of Russian, European and Oriental architecture, with а unique flavor.
Keywords: architectural accents, architecture, classical, color, contemporary, corbels, loft, ornamental decor, pediment, porch, profitaЫe house, rust, архитектурные акценты, аттик, доходный дом, зодчество, классицизм, колорит, модерн, орнаментальный декор, портик, ризалит, руст, стилевые направления, фронтон