Andreeva I. K., Yankovskaya Y. S.

PECULIARITIES OF FORMING OF THE ARCHITECTURE DEPRESSIVE TROPICAL TERRITORIES OF THE COSMEUM CITY

The article is based on the research of riverside areas of large cities on the example
of the Volga and Kostroma rivers of Kostroma.
The paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the existing town planning solutions
and problems of the development of riverine areas in the city of Kostroma, in the context of the
city's development, showing the underlying strategic factors. Also, a comparative analysis of the
city of Kostroma with the cities of the Golden Ring of Russia was made, which revealed the
main reasons for the migration of young able-bodied population to larger cities. We list them:
the absence of places of employment with decent wages, the lack of socio-cultural and recreational
centers aimed at young people, the lack of modern educational institutions, and the low
level of improvement of public spaces in the city. The problems of transformation of depressed,
industrial territories, such as the absence of a territory for removal of industrial objects from the
Volga and Kostroma river tank farm, and the location of preserved cultural heritage sites in one
of the territories under consideration have been identified, and as a result of the study of the
domestic and foreign experience of transforming similar territories, the possible urban planning
and architectural ways-medium solutions and improvements in the socio-economic situation of
the city.

Keywords: development, industrial territories, riverine territories, transformation, преобразование, приречные территории, промышленные территории, развитие