Lava D. A.

TEMPLE OF SMALL ORTHODOX COMMUNITIES IN CANADA

The study is devoted to studying the volume-planning, compositional and stylistic
features of Orthodox churches in Canada. Religious buildings of small orthodox communities,
such as the Serbs, Bulgarians, Syrians, Arabs and Africans are considered in the article.
Despite the fact that a small number of Orthodox temples of these Diasporas are represented in
Canada, non-standard solutions and expressive architectural appearance are typical for them.
Violations of the canons in the buildings of small Orthodox communities are revealed in the
work. Differences between the structures of migrants from religious buildings, which have the
most frequently found solutions in Canada, have been determined. Features of the temples of
individual Diasporas are revealed.
Since the end of the XIX century, immigrants from various countries have been arrived
in Canada on a mass scale, over time the migration flow to the country has not stopped, and new
Orthodox communities appeared. In addition to migrants, local believers, the descendants of
immigrants born in Canada, believers who previously belonged to other faiths, who found in
Orthodoxy a more attractive religion for themselves, join Orthodoxy. They all belong to different
nationalities and speak different languages. Therefore, in the country, there is not only Russian-
speaking, but also English-speaking, French-speaking and other parishes, where the services
take place in the usual language for parishioners.

Keywords: orthodox churches, religious buildings, the Antiochian orthodox church, the basilica type of the church, антиохийская церковь, базиликальный тип храма, культовые здания, православные храмы