IMPACTS OF THE TEMPORARY URBAN DESIGN ON THE PEDESTRIAN’S ACTIVITY -THE CASE STUDY ON THE «WINTER CITY» KHABAROVSK, RUSSIA-
To create open public spaces that limit the negative impact of severe cold weather and enhance pedestrian activity during winter, we must consider the “event” (temporary) design of the place. Because the city tends to be perceived as a permanent form in urban design, the temporary design of the urban environment is rarely considered as one of the aspects of designing places. The relationship between this temporary aspect and the permanent design of the city is investigated with a specific focus on the ways that users inhabit the city square in winter. By considering the temporary design of the city square, the potential benefits on the behavior and movements of the residents are revealed. The results show that during the temporary design period, the number of activities involving people in the city square increased by 40%, and the routes with the highest “complexity” appeared at night. These results show the importance of employing and including temporary design in future urban design and planning projects, especially in winter cities, to influence the place-related attendance and activity of the residents.
Keywords: “Event” Design, Fractal Dimension., Permanent Design, Public Open Space, Spatial Behavior, Temporary Design, Winter Cities, «временное» проектирование, «зимние» города, мероприятие., открытые общественные пространства, пространственное поведение, фрактальная размерность