ARCHITECTURAL AND ENGINEERING SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURAL PERSONNEL TRAINING IN RUSSIA IN THE SECOND HALF OF XIX – BEGINING XX CENTURIES
Article is devoted to the oldest architectural and engineering schools
in Russia, trained specialists in the field of architecture, civil and military construction.
The best graduates of these schools have made a huge contribution to the urban problems
of his time and had a significant influence on the formation of the majority of Russian and
many foreign cities (St. Petersburg, Moscow, Tomsk, Irkutsk, Yakutsk, Chita, Blagoveshchensk,
Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Harbin, Shanghai, Dalian, etc.). Data on historical
and modern name of the institution of architectural and engineering profile working in
Moscow and St. Petersburg are given in tabular form. A brief excursus on the history of
education in engineering and architectural professions in Russia is held.
Architectural education is one of the factors influencing on the development of
architecture. Influence is diverse. On the one hand, it is associated with the activities of
graduates of a particular school and is manifested through their projects and buildings. On
the other hand, the activity of many architectural and engineering schools goes beyond
the learning process. Many large institutions are research centers involved in the study of
the history and theory of architecture, renovation and restoration of historic buildings and
structures, are publishing. In this regard, the study of the history of education, responsible
for the preparation of architectural training in Russia, it is extremely important for understanding
the history of architecture in general.
Keywords: architectural and engineering schools, architectural shots, civil and military engineers, rozmysl., архитектурные и инженерные школы, архитектурные ка- дры, гражданские и военные инженеры, розмысл