Danilov I. A.

The symbolic structure of ancient russian cities and a new stage of urban modernization of Khabarovsk

There was embodied the traditional concept of ancient Russian city in Khabarovsk. It’s expressed theistic idea of likening of the city to the ancient model of the world. According to it, the Universe is divided into two parts – the Heavenly World and the Earthly World, interconnected through the World Tree. The projection of the Heavenly World lied down on the high sites, which, as a rule, were the top sites on the high banks of rivers. Rivers were the main inter-communications of the ancient Slavonic world. The river facade of ancient Russian city was decorated with the most representative buildings, first of all with temples. The whole territory of Khabarovsk is a collection of forty hollow areas embedded in a continuous system of top sites of relief. The hollow areas of Khabarovsk represent a significant territorial resource of urban development in that time, as the top site almost fully utilized. Only in the historical Centre, which has experienced eight stages of urban upgrading, two hollow areas fully are mastered with building. «Heavenly» and «Earthly» worlds of Khabarovsk city center are also opposite symbolically and functionally. The new trend of transformation of accent building on the line of slope crest supposes the conversion of the city center ensemble at large and to become an example for the development of all other hollow areas. This trend leads to a deeper integration of urban society and urban space. In this way there can appear a global trend of Smart City in Khabarovsk.

Keywords: ancient Russian city, high slope, hollow area., symbolic structure, upland street, акцентная застройка., бровка склона, верхняя площадка рельефа, образа русского города