Zadverniuk L. 7., Razykov S. B.

Traditional dwelling in Central Asia

The article is studies the traditional dwelling in Central Asia. Thousand-year experience of the national housing instructive not only cognitive, but also from a practical point of view. With improvised materials and simple techniques, the builders have learned from their best to create optimal conditions for existence. All elements designed to facilitate local life in climate went home for the benefit of appearance: aivans gave him a picturesque spatiality, as details become decorative works art.
Dwellings of different nations of the world are very diverse. Their arch-ture depends on the geographical landscape and terrain, climate, local historical, cultural and ethnic characteristics. Existing-exist several major differences Traditional Houses in Central Asia. For example, features a stationary housing farmers correspond to the two cultural zones - Zone mountains and foothills area and oases. In the first zone consists of two areas: a) Pamir, Pamir region, Upper Zarafshan, Nurata mountains, south-western spurs of the Talas Alatau - Ugam and Chatkal ranges; b) the foothills of the Kopet Dagh. In the area of oases are three areas: a) agricultural areas between the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya (Bukhara, Samarkand, Fergana group); b) the Khorezm oasis and the middle reaches of the Amu Darya; c) southern regions of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan south part.

Keywords: hearth, home, house, quince, the average Aziiya., the Pamirs, yurt, Zarafshan, айван, дом, жилища, Зарафшан, очаг, Памир, Средная Азиия., юрта