Babenko A. G., Erysheva E. A., Ivanov N. A.

THE PRINCIPAL TYPES OF FORMING SILHOUETTE OF THE SEAFRONTS AND ITS INTERACTION WITH THE RELIEFS

In this article conciders the principal types of seafronts, taking into account the vertical composition of their development. Also analyzes their evolution, transformation for a time. Conciders the problems of formation of the city’s skyline, the interaction of the upper loop of building and natural landmarks of each other, and the effect of the general outlines of the urban to terrain. On the basis of the conclusions are given general advice about exploring and detailing various types of the seafront. There are several principal types of development of seafronts. Downtown – various height buildings with expressed vertical dominant in the center of development.
The equal rhythmical various height buildings. The rhythmical various height buildings with several dominant zones. The lower buildings with expressed vertical dominant. The lower buildings with group expressed vertical dominant. Examples of the principal locations of building on terrain about water area: on the waterline zone, on the slopes or in pattern of relief. Objective of this work - to determine the meaning of the silhouette in the perception of the seafront, and also, how it interacts with the
territory and the established landscape.

Keywords: panorama of the city, seafront, silhouette of the city, terrain, waterline zone, морской фасад, панорама города, прибрежная зона, силуэт застройки, сложный рельеф