Bazilevich M. E., Borisova V. E.

THE PAINTING OF BERNARDO BELLOTTO IN THE COLLECTION OF FAR EARSTEN ART MUSEUM

This article describes the painting of the famous Italian master of veduta Bernardo Bellotto “Church of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome” which is kept in the collection of Far Eastern Art Museum in Khabarovsk. The painting represents a bright example of a city landscape genre in the XVIII century executed with a documentary accuracy. Baroque style times when this picture was painted were the period of rapid development of town planning in Europe that caused blossoming of this genre in the fine
arts. Bernardo Bellotto executed the whole painting series of views of the contemporary European cities. One picture from a series of the Roman landscapes relating to the late period of the artist’s works is a true pearl in the collection of the West European art of Far Eastern Art Museum.
The Polish king Stanislaw August Poniatowski commissioned this painting. In it we can see a picture of the facade of the church of Santa Maria Maggiore in baroque style and square in front of it. This beautifully made topographically accurate architectural landscape. The picture as well as other works by Bellotto characterizes the meticulous completeness, precise drawing and the harmony of colors.

Keywords: architectural landscape, baroque, city landscape, collection of the museum, genre, linear perspective, treatment of light and shade, veduta, архитектурный пейзаж, барокко, ведута, городской пейзаж, жанр, коллекция музея, линейная перспектива, светотень