Sudakov A. V., Sudakov V. I., Sudakova A. A.

DECORATIVITY AND DURABILITY THE HISTORICAL BUILDING’S BRICKLAYING AT KHABAROVSK CITY

This article is devoted to analyses connections of durability and decoratively the historical building’s bricklaying at Khabarovsk city. There are discovering the methods of layering and it technical repair, quality and structural safety properties of brick’s materials. Brick’s constructions and structures reached the rated (project’s) date of exploitation, but have high technical and architectural properties. The pores structure of hand-made breaks and it low strength are the main causes of it durability. But the architectural and decoratively elements of walls provide the durability too. At the base of this theory it was being suggested and realized any methods of restoration – reconstruction of the historical building technical sources at restoration and after the exploitation period beginning. There are discovering the methods of brick’s surface protections by polymer saturation at reconstruction and operation of historical masonry structures. In article it was demonstrated the requirements for modeling of historical and modern bricklaying.

Keywords: architectural and decoratively elements; connections of durability and decoratively; increases of quality and structural safety; methods of restoration, декоративность и долговечность; кирпичная кладка; памятники истории; неоднородность и прочность; меры защиты