Gorstkova E. I., Kolpakova O. V.

TRENDS OF POLYCHROMY IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY.

a study on the stages of designing a color environment of cities in Russia, starting from the first years of Soviet Government until the mid-fifties. Three of the design development phase of the color environment of urban spaces: the formation of new tendencij in cvetoprostranstva design based on the new social needs of society (20-30 years.); stage of Bolshevik functionalism (30-40 years.); stage of the development and processing of polychromy of the classical heritage (the end of the 40-50 years). In the work are examples of project search colour spaces and structures at different stages of development of the polychromy of the Russian cities.

Keywords: classicism, modernism., polychrome; colours; colour tonality; colour solution; subject-spatial environment; constructivism and functionalism, классицизм, модернизм., полихромия; цветовая гамма; цветовая тональность; колористическое решение; предметно-пространственная среда; конструктивизм, функционализм