Sayapina D. G.

«URBAN GREENING: BIO POSITIVITY OF BUILDINGS AND CONSTRUCTIONS»

The main objective of the research is analysis of the modern trends of landscaping of the city space; definition of the advantages of its using in being environment. After setting out the objective of the research the analysis of plants’ influence on humans’ health and working efficiency was carried out. Also the history of appearing of the first «green» cities was touched upon.
The main problem at issue is bio positivity of buildings and constructions. According to the point at issue the basic methods of bio positive architecture were identified. Foreign prototypes of «green» architecture were found. Besides, in the context of the research the ecological situation in town Blagoveschensk was analyzed. As the result getting information was underlined in the course project «The development of exterior and interiors of a cultural-entertainment complex».
The main aim of the course project is a creating of the recreation, cultural-entertainment area on the base of being cinema in the context of urban overcrowding.
In order to achieve the project goals the following steps were carried out: reconstruction of cinema’s front elevations according to the bio positive architecture; development of near-by territory – creation of the recreation area for the citizens; development of the interiors of a cultural-entertainment complex.
Complex consists of cinemahall, show-room, library, café. During the design of the front elevations it was decided to use the walls of cinemahall for creation of vertical garden. Also the elements of «green wall» are used in all main rooms. Vertical gardens improve the air composition, exercise a decisive influence on humans. In urban space bio positive buildings create a healthy microclimate, form aesthetic appreciation of cities.

Keywords: bio positivity, «green» walls and roofs, vertical garden, биопозитивность, вертикальное озеленение, «зелёные» крыши