Volchok Y. P., Nazarova N. S., Cheredina I. S.

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING. BEGOVAYA STREET 34. ARCHITECT A. D. MEERSON. 1973 —1978. PLACE AND TIME IN THE SPACE OF THE CITY

This article is devoted to revealing the methods and techniques used by the
architect, thanks to which the object is not received as an alien on the exact location. The main
tasks were to analyze the current and existing urban situation at the time of construction, determine
the context conditions and problems that affected the location and image of the house, identify
the universal techniques used by the architect. T he scientific hypothesis was to prove the
existence of relationship between the object and the context of the surroundings in its urban space.
Also there was method of identification in each of the analyzed aspects, by means of which the
object takes root in place and in time. Methods which were revealed.
Due to the situational analysis, the formation method of the urban silhouette of buildings
was revealed and with the help of this method was possible to emphasize the architectural accents
which had already existed in a particular locality.
A proof of connection between the analyzing building and the object of surrounding cultural
heritage was a result of the graphic comparative analysis, there was method of the organization
of the internal pedestrian space under the volume of the building which was indicated due to
the conditions of the place.
Method of the shaping of the outward staircases on the facade of the building was found
due to the comparative analysis of the surveyed house and historical architectural monument of
the hippodrome.
The principle of columns-pillars under the building was revealed during the analysis of
foreign and domestic projects of the period of the 20-21 century.

Keywords: Methods and methods of placement, universal methods of the architect A. D. Meerson, volumetric-spatial composition of the object, объемно-пространственная композиция дома, Способы и приемы размещения, универсальные приемы архитектора А. Д. Меерсона