Belova D. А., Pogosyan Y. A., Yamaletdinov S. F.

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS ON THE FORMATION OF SCHOOL SPACE

The purpose of this article is to examine the functions of the school building from the point of view of the socio-cultural aspects of architectural design. The process of identifying features of the design of modern schools occurs through the prism of answers to the questions: what is the social mission of the structure, what is the environmental role and what does the purpose of the building imply? Considering the functions of the modern school through such concepts, it is possible to reveal a theoretical model of the school space with an expanded functional structure for already existing and new premises. When designing the indoor and outdoor environments of a school, one should take into account an individual approach to different age groups. The difference in interests and requirements for the educational process differs among primary school students and high school graduates. Consequently, the composition of the premises and their functionality will have a different set. The provision of general-purpose spaces, at present, can increase the demand for schools not only for students, but also for residents of nearby areas. Based on the examples given in the text, a variety of social groups can be traced, who can use the school building. Thus, the expansion of the functional composition of school space directly affects the set of rooms where these functions will be located, and the flows that provide all kinds of internal communications.

Keywords: Design, environmental role., modern school, planning structure, school building, social mission, планировочная структура, Проектирование, современная школа, социальная миссия, средовая роль., школьное здание