Garnaga A. F.

SEGREGATION OF LARGE CITIES ITS REASONS AND FEATURES

The study is devoted to the phenomenon of urban segregation, which is promoted by a steady trend of urbanization, supported by the government and public organizations, an increase in the number of immigrants, and an increase in income differentiation of citizens. In recent decades, there has been a steady attraction to the cities of all the main areas of society: politics, science, culture. The city remains a logical and acceptable entity for concentration in it and the economic sphere ¬ respectively, the spatial urban structure undergoes changes.
The resettlement of people in urban space and, consequently, the formation of its borders and architectural appearance occur for reasons of primarily economic or national character. At the same time, the national aspect is often associated with economic features.
Accordingly, based on the reasons, it is possible to distinguish the types of segregation: economic, national (ethnic, racial) and mixed. From the point of view of temporal characteristics, the method of settling groups in the space of a city can be permanent, or steady, and temporary. An example of sustainable segregation is the existence of national districts in large cities. Temporal segregation is characteristic of the non-permanent type of activity of people in a group, for example, student settlements, shift camps, etc.
From a number of examples of the spatial consequence of segregations, it can be concluded that there is a gradation of influence on the urban structure and features of the architectural appearance of the causes of differentiation: economic factors have the greatest influence, they are usually the basis of the formation of permanent regions; ethnic reasons are essential for the segregation of the city only along with economic ones.

Keywords: large cities, temporary and sustainable segregation., временная и устойчивая сегрегация., крупные города