Belova D. А., Petrova N. V., Surnacheva N. A.

SOCIO-CULTURAL, ENVIRONMENTAL AND HISTORICAL PRECONDITIONS FOR THE DESIGN OF CREAMATORIES. WORKING WITH SOCIAL STERIOPYPES

The article presents the results of the analysis of scientific publications, research, articles and design standards relating to infernal culture and architecture. A brief historical overview of the emergence of the cremation tradition and the origin of the architectural features of crematoria is given. Cremation complexes built in Russia are considered. Data was collected and the social aspects of crematorium design were analyzed, the attitude of citizens to the topic of cremation was identified, pain points were found, and approaches were proposed for conducting sociological polls on cremation. These problems are disclosed in large cities of Russia, including in the city of Krasnoyarsk. The advantages are substantiated and the functional planning components of the cremation complex are identified. The article discusses the complexity of the formation of the architectural image of the crematorium and its impact on the emotional and psychological state of a person.

Keywords: crematorium, funeral services, infernal architecture, ritual services complex, ritual sphere, social stereotypes., sociology, инфернальная архитектура, комплекс ритуального обслуживания, крематорий, похоронное обслуживание, ритуальная сфера, ритуальные услуги, социальные стереотипы, социология