Luzhetskaya E. M., Shipitsyna O. A.

REGIONAL SPECIFICITY OF HISTORICISM IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF YEKATERINBURG IN THE LATE XX – EARLY XXI CENTURY

This article analyzes the architectural objects of Yekaterinburg at the end of
the 20th-beginning of the 21st century, made in the style of historical architecture. Identified
common features and characteristic elements that allows to determine the specifics of
historicism in the architecture of the time. It was determined that in the period from 1990 to
2006, the principles of postmodernism dominated in architecture, which were manifested in
the borrowing of classic forms, their geometrization and simplification. In the period from
2006 to the present, historicism in architecture is manifested in a focus on borrowing both
classic forms and modernist architec-ture forms. During this period, both the general principles
of composition and the “quotations” from the historical architecture of Yekaterinburg are
borrowed. The historicism of the last decade is routed at preserving the historical environment
of the city. In the architecture, referring to the methods of constructivism, often used such
techniques as the sidebar forms, the use of strip glaz-ing in combination with the planes of the
blank facade. The architecture that borrows methods of classicism is dominated by the use of
such techniques as the selection of entrance groups by ri-zalits or bay windows, the underlining
of verticals by triangular gables, the use of columns and pilasters. The regional specificity of
historicism in the architecture of Yekaterinburg is manifested in the borrowing of features and
elements inherent in the characteristic historical architectural styles of the city: classicism and
constructivism. Orientation to these areas is due to the fact that periods of active development
of construction in Yekaterinburg - Sverdlovsk coincided with the development of these
particular stylistic directions.

Keywords: classicism, constructivism., historicism, modern architecture, regional specificity, историзм, классицизм, конструктивизм., региональная специфика, современная архитектура