Gromak I. I., Kopeva A. V., Maslovskaya O. V.

ANALYSIS OF LANDSCAPE ORGANIZATION OF PUBLIC COASTAL SPACES FORMED USING THE PRINCIPLES OF UNIVERSAL DESIGN

The creation of a recreational environment designed for outdoor activities and
accessible to people with disabilities (PWD) is currently one of the priority areas of the state
policy of social and urban development, the practical results of which are aimed at ensuring
equal opportunities with other citizens in the field of recreation, communication, replenishment
of strength and health. The aim of this work is to identify the features of the organization of
coastal territories taking into account the principles of universal design. To achieve this goal, it
is necessary to solve the following tasks: identification of the etymological sources of the term
“universal design” (UD), inclusive design (ID), existing principles of universal design; identification of the features of the organization of coastal territories based on the principles of universal design. The conclusion is made about the features of the landscape organization of coastal
territories, taking into account the principles of universal design. Based on the studied features
of the landscape organization of public coastal areas, organized in a complex terrain, it is proposed to apply the principles of universal design to the organization of the coastal territories of
Vladivostok.
The article discusses the basic principles of universal (inclusive) design and the formation of a barrier-free environment in accordance with the requirements of accessibility, comfort,
safety, continuity (ensuring accessibility not only within the boundaries of individual objects
and elements of these objects, but also the relationship between them), information content and
architectural components of the environment. The problem of creating an accessible environment for people with disabilities, which is an integral part of the social policy of the state, is
becoming increasingly relevant.
The methods of ensuring an “environment for all” presented in the paragraphs of the article form the basis for developing ways to solve the problem of accessibility and ensure social
responsibility before society. To create accessibility of coastal public spaces, you should resort
to architectural methods that provide comfortable conditions: arranging slopes of a complex
relief of the city, installing safe soil coatings, orienting landscapes, wind-shelter structures, etc.
The accessible facilities must be taken into account in design of public spaces and the main
functional areas.
The effectiveness of project formation and social culture helps to create optimal organizational conditions for the activities of architects and designers of the architectural environment,
and, as a result, the possibility of implementing projects of high social significance. Thanks to
traditional art values, modern design solutions and tools, the technique of improving the environment makes people think about others, and forms tolerance for people with developmental
disabilities and various physical abilities.

Keywords: coastal territories, complex terrain, inclusive design (ID)., landscape, people with disabilities (PWD), universal design (UD), инклюзивный дизайн (ИД)., ландшафт, маломобильные группы населения (МГН), прибрежные территории, сложный рельеф, универсальный дизайн (УД)