. . .., Nakano Y. -., Taro M.

RESEARCH ON DEPRIVATION SCALE FOR LIVING ENVIRONMENT IN COLD CLIMATE REGION

The situation is that low-income householders in cold climate areas are unable to afford basic energy services due to a combination of high energy expenditure and low
energy efficiency of their homes. Such a problem is called Fuel Poverty. The definition of Fuel
Poverty is as which needs to spend more than 10% of its income on all fuel use and to heat its
home to an adequate standard of warmth. But this definition affected by household’s annual
income, especially elderly people whose income decreases after retirement are more likely to
be consider Fuel Poverty. In order to supplement the definition based on annual income, in this
study we analyzed deprivation indicators for questionnaire surveying the living environment
and living conditions in cold climate regions.

Keywords: cold climate region, Deprivation scale, Energy consumption, Fuel poverty, : living environment, low-income household, Questionnaire survey, анкетирование, домохозяйства время домохозяйства с низкими доходами в районах с холодным клима, жилая среда, потребление энергии, регион с холодным климатом, топливная бедность, шкала депривации