Osychenko G. A.

Aesthetic objects in urban planning

The article analyzes the existing concepts of aesthetic object and its essence

that existed in the aesthetics and architecture respectively in relation to the city. Is

allocated 8 view types about aesthetic object: artworks model, landscapes model, value-
normative model, stimulus model, environmental model, post-modern model, model

attractiveness, metaphysical object. Are representations of the aesthetic object varies

depending on the changing conceptions of the world, nature, man, depending on the

accumulation of knowledge about human nature, depending on the socially dominant

aesthetic and philosophical system. Actually represent an aesthetic object reduced

to two paradigms: art and environmental. The first paradigm considers harmonious

objects to distance from the observer, in the second model the subject is immersed in an

object of perception, and perception is determined by the subject. Specificity of urban

object is that it contains all the models of the aesthetic object. Their presence and place

determined by: 1) the hierarchy of the subject of perception; 2) type of space, depending

on the conditions perception.

Keywords: aesthetic object, the city, the environmental paradigm, the paradigm of art, город, парадигма искусства, средовая парадигма, эстетический объект