Dolganova S. A.

Features of emergence and planning organization of suburban agrorecreational territories

High rates of industrial development of the country caused rapid growth of urban population. At the same time there are also serious problems connected with this growth. The city landscape has the sizes, it isn't something isolated, it is a part of environment. The adverse ecological situation is created, there are problems of uninterrupted transport supply and social problems are amplified. In this regard the tendency of outflow of urban population in residential suburbs and creation of so-called agrorecreational areas which are represented as analog of "sleeping" districts of the city but gain the features of rural settlements. The task is to create favourable comfortable conditions for accommodation, to provide the organization of consumer services of the population by available means. The territory of commuters has always been a reserve for the development of settlements, the location of industrial, warehouse facilities, places of public recreation, gardening and dacha community. Potential investment attractiveness of large areas, with appropriate quality indicators of natural, industrial and social infrastructure. And this problem is solved by functional zoning, allowing the inside area, district, region place the user in a spatial sequence that does not reduce to the overall effect of the use of the territory. In recent years we have seen an active formation of a new type of rural settlement in which the first place there is the quality and availability of public services, the nearest city, as well as the environment.

Keywords: agro-recreational areas, city landscape, infrastructure, suburban area, the primary settlement system, агрорекреационная территория, инфраструктура, первичная система расселения, пригородная зона