Karpenko A. G., Potokina T. M.

Colors in the system of art means of landscape architecture

research focused on using colors in architecture. Topicality of developing the question arises from the fact that the urbanization of cities is an inevitable process. Saving the integrity of the urban environment is one of the most important tasks of modern architects.
City coloring, night lighting, "green" architecture, shop windows, pedestrian crossings and stops, people, vehicles - all it makes a city a single organism, which tying it all together. Experts tend to believe that our city Volgograd - so multicolored creation that you can say about the colors, groups, reconstruction of residential and public buildings. No accident recently, the color becomes the object of attention of architects, designers, psychologists and sociologists.
In the developed countries, there are more and more institutions and organizations which are professionally engaged in research on the using of color in an artificial environment. It should be a professional approach to coloristic of a city, because the subject of the design is the environment, and the object is everything from small forms (transport, design elements, floral and festive decoration, advertising, paving pavement), to the macronutrients of city (buildings, streets, districts and counties).
Artistic and aesthetic function of color design is to build a harmonyс space of the street, square, court, and creating memorable images of the city, which is positively influence on the emotions. Every city is unique in color, Volgograd too. While cities have being formed in time for a certain period, each of them has a distinctive color palette, depending on the objective, subjective, social, economic and cultural factors.

Keywords: color environment, color in architecture., coloristic concept, harmony, гармония, колористическая концепция, цвет в архитектуре., цветовая среда