Kazhar N. V.

The problem of correlation of "ideal" and "real" in the architectural theory of the romanticism era

In this article we have investigated the relationship of concepts of “real” and “ideal” in the architectural thought of the Romantic era. It is shown that the problem of accordance of real form to the expressed idea is an independent theoretical problem: in the aesthetics of Romanticism was conducted search for a new ideal, which was to incorporate all the best achievements in the past. Romantics turned to history, in which hoped to find the absolute, timeless “eternal values”. In architecture it is reflected in the effort to give specific features of historic buildings to modern buildings and, on the contrary, to give particular forms generalized character (“academic” direction). A lot of ‘ideal’ projects were created: the city, the cathedral, the palace, the monument for “genius.” Romanticism in general characterized by an idealization: an ideal revolution, the ideal self-contained free and active person, the ideal society. The desire.
for emphasized imagery of architectural structures, forced to turn to various historical
and national sources, created a “character” of building, expressing the ideological and
aesthetic platform of its author. Practical realization of searches was variety of styles in
architecture of the Romantic era.

Keywords: architecture, fantasy, historicism, ideal, irrationalism, realism, romanticism; theory, symbolism, архитектура, идеал, иррационализм, историзм, реализм, романтизм, символизм, теория, фантазия