Processes and factors of urban morphological transformation: a case study on Wucaicheng in the Dalian development zone
In the past 30 years, the Development Zones have emerged as a special model of building new districts in China, and have become an important part of the city. In recent years, with the accelerated growth of economy and urbanization, Development Zones have been going through the transformation from simple industrial agglomerations to comprehensive new city districts, with the characteristics of function transformation and spatial structure transformation. Taking Wucaicheng in Dalian Development Zone for example, this paper objectively described its current problems such as poor compactness,
unclear function divisions, too large land scale, chaotic traffic, etc. and, by using the methods of urban morphology, conducted a dynamic analysis of the evolution of the district’s forms and its influencing factors from the perspectives of historical overview, location characteristic, land scale, etc. The result shows that: the form evolution of new districts was the result of both internal and external factors. The external factors, mainly including location, policy, population, land price, and business category, had
an important influence on districts’ development direction, functional orientation, and renewal mode. The internal factors, like block scale, structural layout, and architectural space, had an important influence on land division, building texture, and building density. Therefore, scientific policy guidance and reasonable layout planning are helpful to the flexible development of new city districts. The result can serve as the theoretical basis and reference for spatial renewal in Development Zones.