Bisiani T. . , Rossetti S. .

KPD factory in Chile a concrete panel: political, cultural and technical role

During 14thVenice Architecture Biennale, the Chile pavilion won the
silver lion prize, in its pavilion Chile displays elements which reflect upon a politically
and culturally significant era of its country’s history.
In 1972the KPD factory produced its first concrete panel, the factory has been
donated by the Soviet Union to Chile for the prefabrication of concrete panels and for
the realization of the housing program just launched by the government of the Unidad
Popular. Since then this prefabricated element has been the subject of political and ideological debates, especially when President Salvador Allende imprinted his name into the wet concreteof a panel before it was placed at the entrance of the factory. In the history of modern architecture this element is marginal and ist realization system too, but between 1945 and 1985 more than 170 million homes were built all over the world by using this technology. This panel made with the factory system KPD had a fundamental role for the progress of modern technology and systems related to this production method
were very important and also the role of women backwards and forwards in the factory,rather than the communication systems used for the promotion of this new technique were really very important for that time.

Keywords: Chile, Cold War, concrete, housing program, KPD, modern, prefabrication, prefabrication of concrete panels, Salvador Allende, Unidad Popular, URSS, woman., бетон, бетонная панель, большие строительные панели, женщины, КПД, програм- ма Unidad Popular, Сальвадор Алиенде, современные тенденции, холодная война, Чиле