Mingaleeva K. A., Moor V. K.

FEATURES OF RENOVATION OF LIVING ENVIRONMENT ON PRECIPITOUS RELIEF UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF ANTHROPOGENIC LANDSCAPE

The general concept of “renovation” is interpreted as a process of improving the structure. Based on the definition in the case of the renovation of urban living spaces, this process concerns the structure of renovation of residential development. Renovation is a process of improving of comfort of environment spaces characteristics. From the perspectives of humanization comfort factors of urban spaces are compared. There is a comparison of functional and morphological principles of urban environments upgrade. Principles which enchase comfort are considered. Also, these principles provide
the quality of humanism and humanity. Examples of interdependence, mutual influence and interaction of man and his living spaces are also discussed. There is an analysis of urban environment as an anthropomorphic object. In this objects there are general and similar processes of life, society and living spaces, which are exploited by human. The concepts of humanization and harmony, use, aesthetics and beauty are explained from the position of functionality and artistic expression. These aspects are inextricably linked to each other and it is impossible to consider them separately. The complex of environmental problems (crisis state of the environment, a devastating effect on the city people) was reflected in the attempt to solve challenges with the help of design methodology, which is
faced to the human, functional and artistic principles of the simulation environment and the processes taking place in it. Consequently, the methodological basis of the design is founded on man-made factors, physical and spiritual characteristics and it is closely related to psychology, ergonomics, and aesthetics.

Keywords: aesthetics, anthropogenic landscape, living environment, principles of humanization, renovation, the solution method of increasing comfort, антропогенный ландшафт, метод повышения комфорта, принципы гуманизации, реновация, решение, среда, эстетика