Luchkova V. I., Paukaeva A. A.

THE CREATION OF A COMFORTABLE ENVIRONMENT IN URBAN OPEN PUBLIC SPACES IN COLD CLIMATES

The Study focuses on the principles and methods of designing open public spaces in cold climates. The article discusses the climatic factors influencing urban spaces and their design techniques with regard to climatology. Socio-cultural factor of influence on open public spaces is considered, examples of creation comfortable environment on the example of the city of Sapporo and its features. Identified are methods and principles of organizing and conducting recreation of the urban population, examples of incentives that contribute to an increase of urban activity in the winter.

Keywords: cold climate, methods, microclimate, public space, socio-cultural environment, urban environment, городская среда, методика, микроклимат, общественные пространства, социально-культурная среда, холодный климат