Pashenko N. N., Semidyakina O. E., Tiukavkina I. L.

NATURE FIGURATIVE FORMS IN ARCHITECTURAL BIONICS

Since ancient times, people use natural forms, models and structures in the construction activity. The nature is the main teacher of the architect. The science of natural forms in architecture is an architectural bionics or architectural biomimicry.
In architectural bionics we can allocate the following nature-based forms:
“cone-shaped designs”;
“helicoid designs”;
“designs with preliminary tension”;
“mesh, trellised and ridge designs”;
“spatial and latticework designs”;
“shell”;
“dynamic architecture”.
Bionics is dynamically develops as the science, and the quantity of nature-based forms will be increases.

Keywords: architectural bionics, bionic, nature-shaped, structures, systems, архитектурная бионика, бионика, конструкции, природообразные формы, системы