Sazonova Y. F.

ORGANIZATION OF POLYCHROME ENVIRONMENT OF OPEN YARD SPACE

Research is devoted to rules of polychrome organizing of open yard spaces and identifies ways of harmonious living environment organization. It was determined that an important condition for the formation of polychrome living environment is social, psychological and physiological characteristics of the groups of residents. By increasing the quality of information and communication open spaces, one
should take into account the parameters of comfort visual environment and the use of colors for people with visual impairments. Organizing polychrome environment of open yard space, one should also take into account the perception of the factors in the process of motion and rest, a series of color impressions. It is shown that the structure of polychrome environment of open yard space forms due to establishing harmonious relations between palettes elements of the natural and artificial environment. Polychrome frame structure of open yard spaces forms stable relations of color combinations of the built environment, and the dynamic coloristic relations perform adaptive function. Efficiency of choice of harmonious color combinations for particular fragments of the visual living environment increases due to application of the principle of interested perception of scarce colors, additional to coloring of the local natural environment. A differentiated approach via the use of adequate reception color zoning, use of alternating color reception modules receive the color emphasis, receive seasonal compensation, receiving loans color combinations of natural elements need for the individualization of the living environment of yard space. Harmonious coloristic decisions can be considered as powerful tools for activation of mechanisms of formation of open spaces of the modern living environment with the improved environment characteristics.

Keywords: color, coloristic relations, open yard spaces, polychrome space, колористические связи, открытые дворовые пространства, полихромная среда