Baklyskaia L. E., Eroshenko N. M., Yan S. O.

ORGANIZATION OF KOREAN NATIONAL CULTURE COMPLEX ON SAKHALIN

This work is devoted to the organization of the Korean national cultural complex on the island of Sakhalin, the formation of the lost Home as a means of communication between a person and his or her cultural heritage. Uglegorsk, a coastal city located in the central part of the island, has been chosen as a location of the complex. The article presents the concept of search for architectural and artistic content, historical background of gradual formation of the Korean diaspora in Sakhalin and suggestions on the planning. The projected complex is expected to have spatial zones that have specific, qualitative significance. The space is sacralized. There are methods of space sacralization used, such as distortion, deformation of space which creates the effect of irreality; introduction to space of environmental design of sacred objects - text, sign, fantastic creatures, mythological characters, etc. It is not just an abstract image of the home that is important but also the home with all its contents, quantity of objects: hearth, utensils, furniture, lamps, clothes, photos from an album (old photos are transferred to the environment, the real picture becomes a way of approaching to and familiarizing with the past), animals from the yard, etc. Introduction of vintage costumes, antiques, intends to designate the time of the notional past as a time opposing to the present. When reading
a general artistic design, at first, the loss of Home is fixated, and, at last, its construction begins. Human memory is entrusted with the function of almost the only thread connecting times and ensuring the continuity of human generations. And, apparently, society owes the preservation of the living roots of their culture to the Memory, which is the stability and inviolability of this tenuous spiritual thread.

Keywords: complex Karafuto Sakhalin Uglegorsk, Korean culture, “Search of a ruined house”, Карафуто, комплекс, корейская культура, «Поиск разрушенного дома», Сахалин, Углегорск