Kim A. A., Stavtseva M. S., Sukhoveyeva E. E.

ARCHITECTURAL LIGHTING OF BUILDINGS, TYPES AND SIGNIFICANCE IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

This article is devoted to the analysis of different types of architectural lighting. The first part of the article explores the history of architectural lighting’s emergence and the brightest examples of lighting in Russia and abroad. There are different types and ways to make an architectural lighting in different buildings. For example, for historical buildings there are – the local light, the floodlight, the backlight, and for the modern buildings – the dynamic lighting, the contour lighting, the «light facades», and the hidden light. There was made a research of several examples of the architectural lighting of different constructions, such as: Moscow State University (Moscow), Mercury City Tower (Moscow), Tower Bridge (London), Torre Agbar (Barcelona). The last item of article proposes a feasible solution of architectural lighting
of the central street in Khabarovsk.

Keywords: a light-emitting diode (LED)., architectural lighting, buildings and engineering structure, lighting of facades, архитектурная подсветка, здания и сооружения, освещение фасадов, светодиоды.