Luchkova V. I., Sushchik M. V.

GENERAL CONDITIONS OF PUBLIC SPASES FORMATION AS ELEMENT OF THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

The article presents a study of the public space, its historical emergence, evolution. The concept, called “free time” of inhabitants of the cities, is considered in the article; also statistic of free time, the possibility of it spending in the city by different groups of people both social and age category, are analyzed. Conditions for the formation of the space in the modern city are identified, as well as the main parameters of the space in an urban environment: physical, social, accessibility, safety, equipment, the possibility
of observing the action, the possibility presentation of oneself, multifunctionality. It is revealed the relationship between the residents and the urban space. Finally, it was made a conclusion about the main conditions, influencing the formation of public space, their influence on the further development of these conditions.

Keywords: free time, leisure activities, public space, the quality of the urban environment., urban space, виды отдыха, качество городской среды., общественное пространство, пространство городов, свободное время