Vasileva N. A., Shkolnikova K. K.

TRADITIONS AND INNOVATIONS IN CONTEMPORARY DESIGN OF INDIVIDUAL DWELLINGS. THE PROJECT OF INNOVATING GREEN HOUSE

In this article you can find summarized experience of the researches of historical processes in building of individual residential construction and results of analysis of modern tendencies and technologies in that kind of buildings. Also, there are examples of finished buildings and conclusions about the most effective approaches in designing of domestic out-of-town buildings.
Out-of-town buildings are getting more and more renowned now. Residents of megalopolises with negative ecology situation even more often decide to settle down close to nature in residential buildings. Houses are not only habitation, but also are the most important symbol of natural life. In the last century and half, industrial period changed disposition of mass buildings cardinally, this had effect on culture, psychology and social relations. In order to find out disposition of these changes, we need to make researches and compare principles of building in different historical periods and climate
zones. Namely, the points of comparing are interactions with nature, depending on outer engineering systems, living conditions, etc. Even in old times they discovered one important forming role of buildings: «At first, we create houses, after that they create us». In this way, building is becoming to be important factor which is possible to effect on our decisions in solving of global problems. Analysis made it possible to reveal the main directions of creating comfortable conditions for living in out-of-town houses in Amur region and work out a project of innovational «green house» with climatic conditions considered.

Keywords: contemporary design, eco-style, green house, individual dwellings, innovations, power efficient., дом, «зеленое строительство», инновационные технологии, экоподход, эко-стиль, эко-строитель- ство