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III городская олимпиада по английскому языку для школьников


Part I


  1. Read the text and choose the correct answer (a) – (d) to complete the sentences.


Meeting Mum’s old school friend

Let me tell you about something that happened to my mum. She recently got interested in social networking sites, after seeing me spending hours on them. She told me she wanted to find an old friend from her schooldays and then spent a ridiculous amount of time tracking her friend down, which she did eventually. The friend’s name was Penny Finn and she was living abroad, but was coming back to London for a few days. Mum told me what she remembered about her. Penny had been kind of stylish and attractive, not very traditional in the way she behaved, and had done very little studying for her exams. Mum told me she had seen Penny as a bit of an idol, someone who had an impressive way of getting people to do what she wanted. She and Mum lost touch soon after leaving school.

Anyway, Penny agreed to see Mum in a big hotel in the centre of town, and Mum promised to take me along with her as I kept asking. I was looking forward to it after hearing so much about this woman. When we arrived in the hotel restaurant, Mum looked around but couldn’t see Penny. Then a voice called out Mum’s name and we turned round and saw this woman in an armchair calmly drinking a bottle of the most expensive champagne. Mum didn’t really recognise her – she looked so different. Her hair colour looked really fake – a kind of white-blonde – and she was wearing dark glasses. Anyway, we sat down and Mum introduced me and they started chatting. Penny suggested getting more champagne, so they went ahead and ordered some.

When it came to paying, Penny said she’d forgotten her credit card so Mum insisted on paying the bill, and got out hers. Penny picked it up and said she’d take it over to the waiter. Mum and I sat there waiting for her to come back, and eventually we realised she had left – with Mum’s credit card! It had been a trick. Several months later, we were shocked to see her in the newspaper. She had been sent to prison for fraud!


  1. According to Jill’s mother, at school Penny


  1. was a kind person.
  2. was somebody that she admired.
  3. would do what others wanted.
  4. used to be a good student.


  1. What was a surprise for Jill and her mum?


  1. Penny drank so much champagne.
  2. Penny let Jill’s mum pay the bill.
  3. Penny was not an honest person.
  4. Penny didn’t get in touch again.


  1. Read the text and choose the correct answer (a) – (d) to complete the sentences.


Technology that lets us communicate telepathically

Nowadays, advances in digital technology are so rapid that inventions which don’t seem to have been around for very long can become out-of-date almost overnight. Within our parents’ lifetimes the only way people could listen to their favourite music or catch up with the latest films was to buy audio and video cassettes and records. Of course, these have been replaced by CDs and DVDs, inventions which seemed so new and innovative not so long ago, but which may not have much of a future. Many experts believe they won’t be around for much longer now that we can easily access music, books and films on the internet. But what will come next? Well, some scientists, whose job it is to predict the future, have argued that once we have perfected ‘telepathic’ technology, even laptops, iPads and smart phones will become museum curiosities.

Telepathic technology is probably something you haven’t heard of before, but scientists are genuinely exploring its possibilities. The idea is to use our brains as we currently use our laptops. If we find out how to download pure data directly into our brains, we’ll be able to watch a film or read a book without having to use an electronic device. And we’re not all that far away from being able to do this. For example, an engineer has already invented glasses which allow the wearer to see instant language translations right in front of their eyes. Imagine a time when we can access this type of data without the glasses.

One current idea, which numerous scientists have been trying to develop, is to try to use thoughts to send messages to computers. It could be the first step towards using technology in order to communicate telepathically with each other. There have already been some significant experimental breakthroughs in this fascinating area. For example, one researcher used his brain to make characters move in a computer game, and another researcher was able to command a computer to send a tweet by using his brain as an input device. In other words, he managed to send a brainwave to the computer which the computer was able to understand. It will take years to develop and perfect this kind of technology, but it seems only a matter of time before we will be ‘thinking’ our texts, tweets and emails. Who knows? Perhaps we’ll be able to sit and ‘think’ our homework and watch it magically appear on a screen.


  1. Since our parents were born, technological advances have
  1. caught up with popular demand.
  2. taken place at a faster and faster rate.
  3. become less innovative.
  4. failed to improve on records and cassettes.


  1. According to some scientists, current technologies such as laptops and iPads
  1. will be popular for a long time.
  2. could soon only be found in museums.
  3. are already outdated.
  4. can never be replaced.


  1. If it were possible, telepathic technology would depend on
  1. connecting our brains to laptops and smartphones.
  2. translating the messages of our brains.
  3. getting our brains working quicker.
  4. changing the data we send to our brains.


  1. As a result of telepathic technology, we may, one day, be able to watch movies
  1. without access to our brainwaves.
  2. while using a simple electronic device in our brains.   
  3. by picking up data sent straight from our brains.
  4. with greater clarity than on laptops or smartphones.


  1. So far, scientists haven’t been able to
  1. send a tweet from a human brain to a computer.
  2. send a brainwave that a computer can understand.
  3. control the movement of characters in a computer game.
  4. pass messages telepathically from person to person.


  1. Read the text and choose the correct answer (a) – (d) to complete the sentences.

The immune system is equal in complexity to the combined intricacies of the brain and nervous system. The success of the immune system in defending the body relies on a dynamic regulatory communications network consisting of millions and millions of cells. Organized into sets and subsets, these cells pass information back and forth like clouds of bees swarming around a hive. The result is a sensitive system of checks and balances that produces an immune response that is prompt, appropriate, effective, and self-limiting.

At the heart of the immune system is the ability to distinguish between self and nonself. When immune defenders encounter cells or organisms carrying foreign or nonself molecules, the immune troops move quickly to eliminate the intruders. Virtually every body cell carries distinctive molecules that identify it as self. The body’s immune defenses do not normally attack tissues that carry a self-marker. Rather, immune cells and other body cells coexist peaceably in a state known as self-tolerance. When a normally functioning immune system attacks a nonself molecule, the system has the ability to “remember” the specifics of the foreign body. Upon subsequent encounters with the same species of molecules, the immune system reacts accordingly. With the possible exception of antibodies passed during lactation, this so called immune system memory is not inherited. Despite the occurrence of a virus in your family, your immune system must “learn” from experience with the many millions of distinctive nonself molecules in the sea of microbes in which we live. Learning entails producing the appropriate molecules and cells to match up with and counteract each nonself invader.

Any substance capable of triggering an immune response is called an antigen. Antigens are not to be confused with allergens, which are most often harmless substances (such as ragweed pollen or cat hair) that provoke the immune system to set off the inappropriate and harmful response known as allergy. An antigen can be a virus, a bacterium, a fungus, a parasite, or even a portion or product of one of these organisms. Tissues or cells from another individual (except an identical twin, whose cells carry identical self-markers) also act as antigens; because the immune system recognizes transplanted tissues as foreign, it rejects them. The body will even reject nourishing proteins unless they are first broken down by the digestive system into their primary, nonantigenic building blocks. An antigen announces its foreignness by means of intricate and characteristic shapes called epitopes, which protrude from its surface. Most antigens, even the simplest microbes, carry several different kinds of epitopes on their surface; some may even carry several hundred. Some epitopes will be more effective than others at stimulating an immune response. Only in abnormal situations does the immune system wrongly identify self as nonself and execute a misdirected immune attack. The result can be a so-called autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosis. The painful side effects of these diseases are caused by a person’s immune system actually attacking itself.


  1. What is the analogy used to describe the communications network among the cells in the immune system?

(a) the immune system’s memory
(b) immune troops eliminating intruders
(c) bees swarming around a hive
(d) a sea of microbes


  1. The immune cells and other cells in the body coexist peaceably in a state known as


(a) equilibrium.
(b) self-tolerance.
(c) harmony.
(d) tolerance.


10.  What is the specific term for the substance capable of triggering an inappropriate or harmful immune response to a harmless substance such as ragweed pollen?

(a) antigen
(b) microbe
(c) allergen
(d) autoimmune disease

11. How do the cells in the immune system recognize an antigen as “foreign” or “nonself?”

(a) through an allergic response
(b) through blood type
(c) through fine hairs protruding from the antigen surface
(d) through characteristic shapes on the antigen surface

12. After you have had the chicken pox, your immune system will be able to do all of the following EXCEPT

(a) prevent your offspring from infection by the chicken pox virus.
(b) distinguish between your body cells and that of the chicken pox virus.
(c) “remember” previous experiences with the chicken pox virus.
(d) match up and counteract nonself molecules in the form of the chicken pox virus.

13.  Which of the following best expresses the main idea of this passage?

(a) An antigen is any substance that triggers an immune response.
(b) The basic function of the immune system is to distinguish between self and nonself.
(c) One of the immune system’s primary functions is the allergic response.
(d) The human body presents an opportune habitat for microbes.

14.  Why would tissue transplanted from father to daughter have a greater risk of being detected as foreign than a tissue transplanted between identical twins?

(a) The age of the twins’ tissue would be the same and therefore less likely to be rejected.
(b) The identical twin’s tissue would carry the same self-markers and would therefore be less likely to be rejected.
(c) The difference in the sex of the father and daughter would cause the tissue to be rejected by the daughter’s immune system.
(d) The twins’ immune systems would “remember” the same encounters with childhood illnesses.

15.  What is the meaning of the underlined word intricacies as it is used in the first sentence of the passage?

(a) elaborate interconnections
(b) confusion of pathways
(c) inherent perplexity
(d) comprehensive coverage


Part II


Choose the right option.


  1. There’s no rush for an answer so just ________


  1. spend your time
  2. give your time
  3. waste your time
  4. take your time


  1. Don’t worry what other people think _________


  1.  just take no note of them.
  2. just take no hint of them
  3. just take no sign of them
  4. just take no notice of them


  1. Like all good philosophers in _________ of truth she is always looking for new perspectives.


  1. sight
  2. reach
  3. search
  4. enquiry


  1. He actually denied _________ anything of the sort.


  1. to do
  2. done
  3. did
  4. doing


  1. The only ________ to me is as they were successful on the first attempt, how come some years before it had taken me four tries!


  1. confusion
  2.  mystery
  3.  intrigue
  4. unknown


  1. The _________ was long and it looked like a ribbon laid out cross the hills of the prairies.


  1. road
  2. rode
  3. rowed
  4.  rod


  1. The___________ was eating from a berry bush when he was suddenly startled by the scent of the approaching and unsuspecting hikers.


  1. beer
  2. bore
  3. bear
  4. bare


  1. ___________ are part of the elk, caribou and moose family.


  1. Deer
  2.  Deem
  3. Dear
  4.  Dirt


  1. If you want to keep your customers coming in on a regular basis, you mustn’t let your stocks _________ dry.


  1. go
  2. turn
  3. take
  4.  run


  1.  After all, why should you two continue to be free and I have to give up my _________?


  1. latitude
  2. liberty
  3. scope
  4. immunity


  1. _______________ we talk of the need for a child to start on his journey to slumber land or the land of nod.


  1. Differently
  2. Alternately
  3. Adversely
  4. Alternatively


  1.  Well, I’ll eat my hat! — means: I don’t ____________


  1. trust it.
  2. understand it.
  3. believe it.
  4. accept it.


  1.  I don’t mind sleeping on an uncomfortable bed in a hostel as anything is ____________ to sleeping in a tent.


  1. preferable
  2. preferred
  3. preferring
  4. prefers


  1.  They spent a huge amount of time and money to deal with that small problem and it’s like taking a sledgehammer to crack a _____________


  1. pea
  2. bean
  3. nut
  4. seed


  1.  I regret I cannot continue with the news because someone has ______ the next page.


  1. misappropriated
  2. misconstrued
  3. mistaken
  4. misread


  1. The main work has just been completed and all we have to do now is finish the paper __________.


  1. task
  2. job
  3. work
  4. function


  1.  If you want to grow as a business and attract new customers, you must ____________ with the times.


  1. move
  2. follow
  3. keep
  4. hold


  1.  These are amazing achievements but if like me you want comfort, warmth and food on the journey, take the ferry crossing _________ 90 minutes.


  1. during
  2.  lasting
  3. duration
  4. while


  1.  The heavy rain fell hard against the window __________ all day long. By nightfall, the streets and sewers overflowed with excess water.


  1. pane
  2. pant
  3. pan
  4. pain


  1. I’m working on those _______ English tests, which I find very interesting.


  1. notorious
  2. fabled
  3. famous
  4. infamous


  1.  I _______________how she stays so fit.

(a) ‘m not knowing

(b) don’t know

(c) wasn’t knowing

(d) doesn’t know


  1.  It ___________here that you're supposed to add the garlic just before serving.

(a) is saying
(b) says
(c) was saying
(d) say


  1.  It’s the first time __________ a complaint about the service we offer.

(a) we ever had
(b) we’ve ever had
(c) we had ever
(d) we’ve had ever


  1.  He ____________ to the south of France twice last month to visit his parents.

(a) was driving
(b) drove
(c) drives
(d) is driving


  1.  I was so late getting to the airport that my flight ____________and I had to travel later that day.

(a) had left
(b) left
(c) leaves
(d) has left


  1.  I ______________ Mark very long.

(a) haven’t been knowing
(b) haven’t known
(c) don’t know
(d) hadn’t been knowing


  1.  By the time I got out my binoculars, the bird _____________ away.

(a) has already flown
(b) had already flown
(c) already flew
(d) had already been flying


  1.  I dislike spending my time _____________ so I prefer _____________
    clothes made from synthetic fabrics.

(a) to iron / to buy
(b) ironed / bought
(c) ironing / buying
(d) iron / being bought


  1.  Without the heavy make-up she wears, she looks __________ in real life________ she does on television.

(a) young / so
(b) as young / that
(c) younger / than
(d) the youngest / as

  1.  After we had been shopping, Alice and May went bowling, but I was _______ to join them.

(a) so tiring that
(b) the most tired
(c) so tired as
(d) too tired

  1.  Ever since he took on this part time job, he _____ enough time on his studies.

(a) can’t spend
(b) isn’t able to spend
(c) hasn’t been able to spend
(d) wasn’t able to spend

  1.  It wasn’t until he refused to help his mother organize his aunt’s funeral that I realized ________ selfish Mike is.

(a) how
(b) what
(c) why
(d) which


  1.  I wish everybody __­­_____ the same language all over the world. Then we _______ so hard to learn English now.

(a) would speak / won’t study
(b) speaks / weren’t studying
(c) could speak / aren’t studying
(d) spoke / wouldn’t be studying


  1.  I’m sure Jessie ____ to play this Saturday provided someone ____ her a lift to the stadium.

(a) will agree / can give
(b) agrees / were to give
(c) has agreed / gave
(d) agreed / will have given

  1.  The ruddy duck is ____ seen in the wild on British lakes or rivers.

(a) too rare
(b) rare
(c) so rare
(d) rarely


  1. This brand of orange juice is quite nice, but not as tasty as the freshly squeezed orange juice ____ at our local supermarket.

(a) to be sold
(b) selling
(c) sold
(d) having sold


  1. _______ you eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, and get plenty of exercise can you be really healthy.

(a) Suppose that
(b) Unless
(c) Provided
(d) Only if

  1.  Sally _______ Italian like a native, but since she moved to Indiana, she has forgotten most of it.

(a) used to speak
(b) had spoken
(c) was supposed to speak
(d) has been speaking


  1.  It was ____ injury that he struggled to carry on playing for the rest of the game.

(a) so painfully
(b) such a painful
(c) the most painful
(d) as painful as


  1.  Medicines and chemical cleaning liquids ________ out of children’s reach.


  1. should be kept
  2.  must have kept
  3.  need to keep
  4.  have kept



Part III


Choose the right option.


1. The longest river in the UK is ___________________

(a) the Severn

(b) the Thames

(c) the Spey

(d) the Avon


2. There are 2 official languages in Canada, English and _______?

(a) German
(b) Greek
(c) French
(d) Cree

3. A small number of Canadians speak 2 languages fluently; these people are

(a) multilingual
(b) monolingual
(c) bilingual
(d) two-lingual

4. What is the symbol of England?

(a) the thistle

(b) the daffodil

(c) the red rose

(d) the shamrock

5. What is the mostly working-class part of London?

(a) the West End

(b) the East End

(c) Westminster

(d) City

6. What is the eastern coast of the British Isles washed by?

(a) by the North Sea

 (b) by the Irish Sea

(c) by the Atlantic Ocean

(d) by The English Channel


7. The Queen who ruled for the longest period of British history was _____


(a) Mary

(b) Margaret

(c) Victoria

(d) Anna


8. ______ is famous for the novel about Robinson Crusoe.

(a) Agatha Christie

(b) Conan Doyle    

(c) Mark Twain    

(d) Daniel Defoe

  1. Though mainly ______ in origin, Americans аге derived from nearly all races and nations.

(a) European and Indian

(b) Spanish and European

(c) European and African

(d) English and Spanish

  1.  ______________is the largest river in Alaska.

(a) the Yukon

(b) the Snake

(c) the Wailuku

 (d) the Alabama River

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